ABB 型(過去形と過去分詞形が同じ形)

意味 原形 過去形 過去分詞形
持ってくる bring brought brought
建てる build built built
買う buy bought bought
つかまえる catch caught caught
感じる feel felt felt
見つける find found found
持っている have has had had
聞こえる hear heard heard
しっかり持つ hold held held
~にしておく keep kept kept
去る 残す 出発する leave left left
失う 負ける lose lost lost
作る make made made
意味する mean meant meant
会う 出会う meet met met
読む read read read
言う say said said
送る send sent sent
座る sit sat sat
眠る sleep slept slept
立つ stand stood stood
教える teach taught taught
言う 話す tell told told
思う 考える think thought thought
理解する understand understood understood
勝つ win won won

 

ABA 型(原形と過去分詞形が同じ形)

意味 原形 過去形 過去分詞形
~になる become became become
来る come came come
走る run ran run

 

ABC 型(すべて異なった形)

意味 原形 過去形 過去分詞形
~である ~になる be is am was been
~である ~になる be are were been
始まる 始める begin began begun
壊す 壊れる break broke broken
する do did done
(絵を)描く draw did done
飲む drink drank drunk
運転する drive drove driven
食べる eat ate eaten
落ちる fall fell fallen
飛ぶ fly flew flown
忘れる forget forgot forgot
手に入れる もらう get got got
与える あげる give gave given
行く go went gone
成長する 育つ grow grew grown
成長する 育つ grow grew grown
知っている know knew known
(またいで)乗る ride rode ridden
見える 会う see saw seen
見せる 示す show showed shown
歌う sing sang sung
話す speak spoke spoken
話す speak spoke spoken
泳ぐ swim swam swum
持っていく 連れていく take took taken
投げる throw threw thrown
着ている 身につける wear wore worn
書く write wrote written

 

AAA 型(すべて同じ形)

意味 原形 過去形 過去分詞形
打つ hit hit hit
痛む 傷つける hurt hurt hurt
置く put put put